About the Node Feature Discovery Operator

The Node Feature Discovery Operator (NFD) manages the detection of hardware features and configuration in a OKD cluster by labeling the nodes with hardware-specific information. NFD labels the host with node-specific attributes, such as PCI cards, kernel, operating system version, and so on.

The NFD Operator can be found on the Operator Hub by searching for “Node Feature Discovery”.

Installing the Node Feature Discovery Operator

The Node Feature Discovery (NFD) Operator orchestrates all resources needed to run the NFD daemon set. As a cluster administrator, you can install the NFD Operator using the OKD CLI or the web console.

Installing the NFD Operator using the CLI

As a cluster administrator, you can install the NFD Operator using the CLI.

Prerequisites
  • An OKD cluster

  • Install the OpenShift CLI (oc).

  • Log in as a user with cluster-admin privileges.

Procedure
  1. Create a namespace for the NFD Operator.

    1. Create the following Namespace custom resource (CR) that defines the openshift-nfd namespace, and then save the YAML in the nfd-namespace.yaml file:

      apiVersion: v1
      kind: Namespace
      metadata:
        name: openshift-nfd
    2. Create the namespace by running the following command:

      $ oc create -f nfd-namespace.yaml
  2. Install the NFD Operator in the namespace you created in the previous step by creating the following objects:

    1. Create the following OperatorGroup CR and save the YAML in the nfd-operatorgroup.yaml file:

      apiVersion: operators.coreos.com/v1
      kind: OperatorGroup
      metadata:
        generateName: openshift-nfd-
        name: openshift-nfd
        namespace: openshift-nfd
      spec:
        targetNamespaces:
        - openshift-nfd
    2. Create the OperatorGroup CR by running the following command:

      $ oc create -f nfd-operatorgroup.yaml
    3. Run the following command to get the channel value required for the next step.

      $ oc get packagemanifest nfd -n openshift-marketplace -o jsonpath='{.status.defaultChannel}'
      Example output
      4.8
    4. Create the following Subscription CR and save the YAML in the nfd-sub.yaml file:

      Example Subscription
      apiVersion: operators.coreos.com/v1alpha1
      kind: Subscription
      metadata:
        name: nfd
        namespace: openshift-nfd
      spec:
        channel: "4.8"
        installPlanApproval: Automatic
        name: nfd
        source: redhat-operators
        sourceNamespace: openshift-marketplace
    5. Create the subscription object by running the following command:

      $ oc create -f nfd-sub.yaml
    6. Change to the openshift-nfd project:

      $ oc project openshift-nfd
Verification
  • To verify that the Operator deployment is successful, run:

    $ oc get pods
    Example output
    NAME                                      READY   STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE
    nfd-controller-manager-7f86ccfb58-vgr4x   2/2     Running   0          10m

    A successful deployment shows a Running status.

Installing the NFD Operator using the web console

As a cluster administrator, you can install the NFD Operator using the web console.

It is recommended to create the Namespace as mentioned in the previous section.

Procedure
  1. In the OKD web console, click OperatorsOperatorHub.

  2. Choose Node Feature Discovery from the list of available Operators, and then click Install.

  3. On the Install Operator page, select a specific namespace on the cluster, select the namespace created in the previous section, and then click Install.

Verification

To verify that the NFD Operator installed successfully:

  1. Navigate to the OperatorsInstalled Operators page.

  2. Ensure that Node Feature Discovery is listed in the openshift-nfd project with a Status of InstallSucceeded.

    During installation an Operator might display a Failed status. If the installation later succeeds with an InstallSucceeded message, you can ignore the Failed message.

Troubleshooting

If the Operator does not appear as installed, troubleshoot further:

  1. Navigate to the OperatorsInstalled Operators page and inspect the Operator Subscriptions and Install Plans tabs for any failure or errors under Status.

  2. Navigate to the WorkloadsPods page and check the logs for pods in the openshift-nfd project.

Using the Node Feature Discovery Operator

The Node Feature Discovery (NFD) Operator orchestrates all resources needed to run the Node-Feature-Discovery daemon set by watching for a NodeFeatureDiscovery CR. Based on the NodeFeatureDiscovery CR, the Operator will create the operand (NFD) components in the desired namespace. You can edit the CR to choose another namespace, image, imagePullPolicy, and nfd-worker-conf, among other options.

As a cluster administrator, you can create a NodeFeatureDiscovery instance using the OKD CLI or the web console.

Create a NodeFeatureDiscovery instance using the CLI

As a cluster administrator, you can create a NodeFeatureDiscovery CR instance using the CLI.

Prerequisites
  • An OKD cluster

  • Install the OpenShift CLI (oc).

  • Log in as a user with cluster-admin privileges.

  • Install the NFD Operator.

Procedure
  1. Create the following NodeFeatureDiscovery Custom Resource (CR), and then save the YAML in the NodeFeatureDiscovery.yaml file:

    apiVersion: nfd.openshift.io/v1
    kind: NodeFeatureDiscovery
    metadata:
      name: nfd-instance
      namespace: openshift-nfd
    spec:
      instance: "" # instance is empty by default
      operand:
        namespace: openshift-nfd
        image: quay.io/openshift/origin-node-feature-discovery:4.8
        imagePullPolicy: Always
      workerConfig:
        configData: |
          #core:
          #  labelWhiteList:
          #  noPublish: false
          #  sleepInterval: 60s
          #  sources: [all]
          #  klog:
          #    addDirHeader: false
          #    alsologtostderr: false
          #    logBacktraceAt:
          #    logtostderr: true
          #    skipHeaders: false
          #    stderrthreshold: 2
          #    v: 0
          #    vmodule:
          ##   NOTE: the following options are not dynamically run-time configurable
          ##         and require a nfd-worker restart to take effect after being changed
          #    logDir:
          #    logFile:
          #    logFileMaxSize: 1800
          #    skipLogHeaders: false
          #sources:
          #  cpu:
          #    cpuid:
          ##     NOTE: whitelist has priority over blacklist
          #      attributeBlacklist:
          #        - "BMI1"
          #        - "BMI2"
          #        - "CLMUL"
          #        - "CMOV"
          #        - "CX16"
          #        - "ERMS"
          #        - "F16C"
          #        - "HTT"
          #        - "LZCNT"
          #        - "MMX"
          #        - "MMXEXT"
          #        - "NX"
          #        - "POPCNT"
          #        - "RDRAND"
          #        - "RDSEED"
          #        - "RDTSCP"
          #        - "SGX"
          #        - "SSE"
          #        - "SSE2"
          #        - "SSE3"
          #        - "SSE4.1"
          #        - "SSE4.2"
          #        - "SSSE3"
          #      attributeWhitelist:
          #  kernel:
          #    kconfigFile: "/path/to/kconfig"
          #    configOpts:
          #      - "NO_HZ"
          #      - "X86"
          #      - "DMI"
          #  pci:
          #    deviceClassWhitelist:
          #      - "0200"
          #      - "03"
          #      - "12"
          #    deviceLabelFields:
          #      - "class"
          #      - "vendor"
          #      - "device"
          #      - "subsystem_vendor"
          #      - "subsystem_device"
          #  usb:
          #    deviceClassWhitelist:
          #      - "0e"
          #      - "ef"
          #      - "fe"
          #      - "ff"
          #    deviceLabelFields:
          #      - "class"
          #      - "vendor"
          #      - "device"
          #  custom:
          #    - name: "my.kernel.feature"
          #      matchOn:
          #        - loadedKMod: ["example_kmod1", "example_kmod2"]
          #    - name: "my.pci.feature"
          #      matchOn:
          #        - pciId:
          #            class: ["0200"]
          #            vendor: ["15b3"]
          #            device: ["1014", "1017"]
          #        - pciId :
          #            vendor: ["8086"]
          #            device: ["1000", "1100"]
          #    - name: "my.usb.feature"
          #      matchOn:
          #        - usbId:
          #          class: ["ff"]
          #          vendor: ["03e7"]
          #          device: ["2485"]
          #        - usbId:
          #          class: ["fe"]
          #          vendor: ["1a6e"]
          #          device: ["089a"]
          #    - name: "my.combined.feature"
          #      matchOn:
          #        - pciId:
          #            vendor: ["15b3"]
          #            device: ["1014", "1017"]
          #          loadedKMod : ["vendor_kmod1", "vendor_kmod2"]
      customConfig:
        configData: |
          #    - name: "more.kernel.features"
          #      matchOn:
          #      - loadedKMod: ["example_kmod3"]
          #    - name: "more.features.by.nodename"
          #      value: customValue
          #      matchOn:
          #      - nodename: ["special-.*-node-.*"]
  2. Create the NodeFeatureDiscovery CR instance by running the following command:

    $ oc create -f NodeFeatureDiscovery.yaml
Verification
  • To verify that the instance is created, run:

    $ oc get pods
    Example output
    NAME                                      READY   STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE
    nfd-controller-manager-7f86ccfb58-vgr4x   2/2     Running   0          11m
    nfd-master-hcn64                          1/1     Running   0          60s
    nfd-master-lnnxx                          1/1     Running   0          60s
    nfd-master-mp6hr                          1/1     Running   0          60s
    nfd-worker-vgcz9                          1/1     Running   0          60s
    nfd-worker-xqbws                          1/1     Running   0          60s

    A successful deployment shows a Running status.

Create a NodeFeatureDiscovery CR using the web console

Procedure
  1. Navigate to the OperatorsInstalled Operators page.

  2. Find Node Feature Discovery and see a box under Provided APIs.

  3. Click Create instance.

  4. Edit the values of the NodeFeatureDiscovery CR.

  5. Click Create.

Configuring the Node Feature Discovery Operator

core

The core section contains common configuration settings that are not specific to any particular feature source.

core.sleepInterval

core.sleepInterval specifies the interval between consecutive passes of feature detection or re-detection, and thus also the interval between node re-labeling. A non-positive value implies infinite sleep interval; no re-detection or re-labeling is done.

This value is overridden by the deprecated --sleep-interval command line flag, if specified.

Example usage
core:
  sleepInterval: 60s (1)

The default value is 60s.

core.sources

core.sources specifies the list of enabled feature sources. A special value all enables all feature sources.

This value is overridden by the deprecated --sources command line flag, if specified.

Default: [all]

Example usage
core:
  sources:
    - system
    - custom

core.labelWhiteList

core.labelWhiteList specifies a regular expression for filtering feature labels based on the label name. Non-matching labels are not published.

The regular expression is only matched against the basename part of the label, the part of the name after '/'. The label prefix, or namespace, is omitted.

This value is overridden by the deprecated --label-whitelist command line flag, if specified.

Default: null

Example usage
core:
  labelWhiteList: '^cpu-cpuid'

core.noPublish

Setting core.noPublish to true disables all communication with the nfd-master. It is effectively a dry run flag; nfd-worker runs feature detection normally, but no labeling requests are sent to nfd-master.

This value is overridden by the --no-publish command line flag, if specified.

Example:

Example usage
core:
  noPublish: true (1)

The default value is false.

core.klog

The following options specify the logger configuration, most of which can be dynamically adjusted at run-time.

The logger options can also be specified using command line flags, which take precedence over any corresponding config file options.

core.klog.addDirHeader

If set to true, core.klog.addDirHeader adds the file directory to the header of the log messages.

Default: false

Run-time configurable: yes

core.klog.alsologtostderr

Log to standard error as well as files.

Default: false

Run-time configurable: yes

core.klog.logBacktraceAt

When logging hits line file:N, emit a stack trace.

Default: empty

Run-time configurable: yes

core.klog.logDir

If non-empty, write log files in this directory.

Default: empty

Run-time configurable: no

core.klog.logFile

If not empty, use this log file.

Default: empty

Run-time configurable: no

core.klog.logFileMaxSize

core.klog.logFileMaxSize defines the maximum size a log file can grow to. Unit is megabytes. If the value is 0, the maximum file size is unlimited.

Default: 1800

Run-time configurable: no

core.klog.logtostderr

Log to standard error instead of files

Default: true

Run-time configurable: yes

core.klog.skipHeaders

If core.klog.skipHeaders is set to true, avoid header prefixes in the log messages.

Default: false

Run-time configurable: yes

core.klog.skipLogHeaders

If core.klog.skipLogHeaders is set to true, avoid headers when opening log files.

Default: false

Run-time configurable: no

core.klog.stderrthreshold

Logs at or above this threshold go to stderr.

Default: 2

Run-time configurable: yes

core.klog.v

core.klog.v is the number for the log level verbosity.

Default: 0

Run-time configurable: yes

core.klog.vmodule

core.klog.vmodule is a comma-separated list of pattern=N settings for file-filtered logging.

Default: empty

Run-time configurable: yes

sources

The sources section contains feature source specific configuration parameters.

sources.cpu.cpuid.attributeBlacklist

Prevent publishing cpuid features listed in this option.

This value is overridden by sources.cpu.cpuid.attributeWhitelist, if specified.

Default: [BMI1, BMI2, CLMUL, CMOV, CX16, ERMS, F16C, HTT, LZCNT, MMX, MMXEXT, NX, POPCNT, RDRAND, RDSEED, RDTSCP, SGX, SGXLC, SSE, SSE2, SSE3, SSE4.1, SSE4.2, SSSE3]

Example usage
sources:
  cpu:
    cpuid:
      attributeBlacklist: [MMX, MMXEXT]

sources.cpu.cpuid.attributeWhitelist

Only publish the cpuid features listed in this option.

sources.cpu.cpuid.attributeWhitelist takes precedence over sources.cpu.cpuid.attributeBlacklist.

Default: empty

Example usage
sources:
  cpu:
    cpuid:
      attributeWhitelist: [AVX512BW, AVX512CD, AVX512DQ, AVX512F, AVX512VL]

sources.kernel.kconfigFile

sources.kernel.kconfigFile is the path of the kernel config file. If empty, NFD runs a search in the well-known standard locations.

Default: empty

Example usage
sources:
  kernel:
    kconfigFile: "/path/to/kconfig"

sources.kernel.configOpts

sources.kernel.configOpts represents kernel configuration options to publish as feature labels.

Default: [NO_HZ, NO_HZ_IDLE, NO_HZ_FULL, PREEMPT]

Example usage
sources:
  kernel:
    configOpts: [NO_HZ, X86, DMI]

soures.pci.deviceClassWhitelist

soures.pci.deviceClassWhitelist is a list of PCI device class IDs for which to publish a label. It can be specified as a main class only (for example, 03) or full class-subclass combination (for example 0300). The former implies that all subclasses are accepted. The format of the labels can be further configured with deviceLabelFields.

Default: ["03", "0b40", "12"]

Example usage
sources:
  pci:
    deviceClassWhitelist: ["0200", "03"]

soures.pci.deviceLabelFields

soures.pci.deviceLabelFields is the set of PCI ID fields to use when constructing the name of the feature label. Valid fields are class, vendor, device, subsystem_vendor and subsystem_device.

Default: [class, vendor]

Example usage
sources:
  pci:
    deviceLabelFields: [class, vendor, device]

With the example config above, NFD would publish labels such as feature.node.kubernetes.io/pci-<class-id>_<vendor-id>_<device-id>.present=true

soures.usb.deviceClassWhitelist

soures.usb.deviceClassWhitelist is a list of USB device class IDs for which to publish a feature label. The format of the labels can be further configured with deviceLabelFields.

Default: ["0e", "ef", "fe", "ff"]

Example usage
sources:
  usb:
    deviceClassWhitelist: ["ef", "ff"]

soures.usb.deviceLabelFields

soures.usb.deviceLabelFields is the set of USB ID fields from which to compose the name of the feature label. Valid fields are class, vendor, and device.

Default: [class, vendor, device]

Example usage
sources:
  pci:
    deviceLabelFields: [class, vendor]

With the example config above, NFD would publish labels like: feature.node.kubernetes.io/usb-<class-id>_<vendor-id>.present=true.

soures.custom

soures.custom is the list of rules to process in the custom feature source to create user-specific labels.

Default: empty

Example usage
source:
  custom:
  - name: "my.custom.feature"
    matchOn:
    - loadedKMod: ["e1000e"]
    - pciId:
        class: ["0200"]
        vendor: ["8086"]