SR-IOV network node configuration object

You specify the SR-IOV network device configuration for a node by creating an SR-IOV network node policy. The API object for the policy is part of the sriovnetwork.openshift.io API group.

The following YAML describes an SR-IOV network node policy:

apiVersion: sriovnetwork.openshift.io/v1
kind: SriovNetworkNodePolicy
  name: <name> (1)
  namespace: openshift-sriov-network-operator (2)
  resourceName: <sriov_resource_name> (3)
    feature.node.kubernetes.io/network-sriov.capable: "true" (4)
  priority: <priority> (5)
  mtu: <mtu> (6)
  numVfs: <num> (7)
  nicSelector: (8)
    vendor: "<vendor_code>" (9)
    deviceID: "<device_id>" (10)
    pfNames: ["<pf_name>", ...] (11)
    rootDevices: ["<pci_bus_id>", ...] (12)
    netFilter: "<filter_string>" (13)
  deviceType: <device_type> (14)
  isRdma: false (15)
  linkType: <link_type> (16)
1 The name for the custom resource object.
2 The namespace where the SR-IOV Operator is installed.
3 The resource name of the SR-IOV device plug-in. You can create multiple SR-IOV network node policies for a resource name.
4 The node selector specifies the nodes to configure. Only SR-IOV network devices on the selected nodes are configured. The SR-IOV Container Network Interface (CNI) plug-in and device plug-in are deployed on selected nodes only.
5 Optional: The priority is an integer value between 0 and 99. A smaller value receives higher priority. For example, a priority of 10 is a higher priority than 99. The default value is 99.
6 Optional: The maximum transmission unit (MTU) of the virtual function. The maximum MTU value can vary for different network interface controller (NIC) models.
7 The number of the virtual functions (VF) to create for the SR-IOV physical network device. For an Intel network interface controller (NIC), the number of VFs cannot be larger than the total VFs supported by the device. For a Mellanox NIC, the number of VFs cannot be larger than 128.
8 The NIC selector identifies the device for the Operator to configure. You do not have to specify values for all the parameters. It is recommended to identify the network device with enough precision to avoid selecting a device unintentionally.

If you specify rootDevices, you must also specify a value for vendor, deviceID, or pfNames. If you specify both pfNames and rootDevices at the same time, ensure that they refer to the same device. If you specify a value for netFilter, then you do not need to specify any other parameter because a network ID is unique.

9 Optional: The vendor hexadecimal code of the SR-IOV network device. The only allowed values are 8086 and 15b3.
10 Optional: The device hexadecimal code of the SR-IOV network device. The only allowed values are 158b, 1015, and 1017.
11 Optional: An array of one or more physical function (PF) names for the device.
12 Optional: An array of one or more PCI bus addresses for the PF of the device. Provide the address in the following format: 0000:02:00.1.
13 Optional: The platform-specific network filter. The only supported platform is Red Hat OpenStack Platform (RHOSP). Acceptable values use the following format: openstack/NetworkID:xxxxxxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxxxxxxxxxx. Replace xxxxxxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxxxxxxxxxx with the value from the /var/config/openstack/latest/network_data.json metadata file.
14 Optional: The driver type for the virtual functions. The only allowed values are netdevice and vfio-pci. The default value is netdevice.

For a Mellanox NIC to work in Data Plane Development Kit (DPDK) mode on bare metal nodes, use the netdevice driver type and set isRdma to true.

15 Optional: Whether to enable remote direct memory access (RDMA) mode. The default value is false.

If the isRDMA parameter is set to true, you can continue to use the RDMA-enabled VF as a normal network device. A device can be used in either mode.

16 Optional: The link type for the VFs. You can specify one of the following values: eth or ib. Specify eth for Ethernet or ib for InfiniBand. The default value is eth.

When linkType is set to ib, isRdma is automatically set to true by the SR-IOV Network Operator webhook. When linkType is set to ib, deviceType should not be set to vfio-pci.

SR-IOV network node configuration examples

The following example describes the configuration for an InfiniBand device:

Example configuration for an InfiniBand device
apiVersion: sriovnetwork.openshift.io/v1
kind: SriovNetworkNodePolicy
  name: policy-ib-net-1
  namespace: openshift-sriov-network-operator
  resourceName: ibnic1
    feature.node.kubernetes.io/network-sriov.capable: "true"
  numVfs: 4
    vendor: "15b3"
    deviceID: "101b"
      - "0000:19:00.0"
  linkType: ib
  isRdma: true

The following example describes the configuration for an SR-IOV network device in a RHOSP virtual machine:

Example configuration for an SR-IOV device in a virtual machine
apiVersion: sriovnetwork.openshift.io/v1
kind: SriovNetworkNodePolicy
  name: policy-sriov-net-openstack-1
  namespace: openshift-sriov-network-operator
  resourceName: sriovnic1
    feature.node.kubernetes.io/network-sriov.capable: "true"
  numVfs: 1 (1)
    vendor: "15b3"
    deviceID: "101b"
    netFilter: "openstack/NetworkID:ea24bd04-8674-4f69-b0ee-fa0b3bd20509" (2)
1 The numVfs field is always set to 1 when configuring the node network policy for a virtual machine.
2 The netFilter field must refer to a network ID when the virtual machine is deployed on RHOSP. Valid values for netFilter are available from an SriovNetworkNodeState object.

Virtual function (VF) partitioning for SR-IOV devices

In some cases, you might want to split virtual functions (VFs) from the same physical function (PF) into multiple resource pools. For example, you might want some of the VFs to load with the default driver and the remaining VFs load with the vfio-pci driver. In such a deployment, the pfNames selector in your SriovNetworkNodePolicy custom resource (CR) can be used to specify a range of VFs for a pool using the following format: <pfname>#<first_vf>-<last_vf>.

For example, the following YAML shows the selector for an interface named netpf0 with VF 2 through 7:

pfNames: ["netpf0#2-7"]
  • netpf0 is the PF interface name.

  • 2 is the first VF index (0-based) that is included in the range.

  • 7 is the last VF index (0-based) that is included in the range.

You can select VFs from the same PF by using different policy CRs if the following requirements are met:

  • The numVfs value must be identical for policies that select the same PF.

  • The VF index must be in the range of 0 to <numVfs>-1. For example, if you have a policy with numVfs set to 8, then the <first_vf> value must not be smaller than 0, and the <last_vf> must not be larger than 7.

  • The VFs ranges in different policies must not overlap.

  • The <first_vf> must not be larger than the <last_vf>.

The following example illustrates NIC partitioning for an SR-IOV device.

The policy policy-net-1 defines a resource pool net-1 that contains the VF 0 of PF netpf0 with the default VF driver. The policy policy-net-1-dpdk defines a resource pool net-1-dpdk that contains the VF 8 to 15 of PF netpf0 with the vfio VF driver.

Policy policy-net-1:

apiVersion: sriovnetwork.openshift.io/v1
kind: SriovNetworkNodePolicy
  name: policy-net-1
  namespace: openshift-sriov-network-operator
  resourceName: net1
    feature.node.kubernetes.io/network-sriov.capable: "true"
  numVfs: 16
    pfNames: ["netpf0#0-0"]
  deviceType: netdevice

Policy policy-net-1-dpdk:

apiVersion: sriovnetwork.openshift.io/v1
kind: SriovNetworkNodePolicy
  name: policy-net-1-dpdk
  namespace: openshift-sriov-network-operator
  resourceName: net1dpdk
    feature.node.kubernetes.io/network-sriov.capable: "true"
  numVfs: 16
    pfNames: ["netpf0#8-15"]
  deviceType: vfio-pci

Configuring SR-IOV network devices

The SR-IOV Network Operator adds the SriovNetworkNodePolicy.sriovnetwork.openshift.io CustomResourceDefinition to OKD. You can configure an SR-IOV network device by creating a SriovNetworkNodePolicy custom resource (CR).

When applying the configuration specified in a SriovNetworkNodePolicy object, the SR-IOV Operator might drain the nodes, and in some cases, reboot nodes.

It might take several minutes for a configuration change to apply.

  • You installed the OpenShift CLI (oc).

  • You have access to the cluster as a user with the cluster-admin role.

  • You have installed the SR-IOV Network Operator.

  • You have enough available nodes in your cluster to handle the evicted workload from drained nodes.

  • You have not selected any control plane nodes for SR-IOV network device configuration.

  1. Create an SriovNetworkNodePolicy object, and then save the YAML in the <name>-sriov-node-network.yaml file. Replace <name> with the name for this configuration.

  2. Optional: Label the SR-IOV capable cluster nodes with SriovNetworkNodePolicy.Spec.NodeSelector if they are not already labeled. For more information about labeling nodes, see "Understanding how to update labels on nodes".

  1. Create the SriovNetworkNodePolicy object:

    $ oc create -f <name>-sriov-node-network.yaml

    where <name> specifies the name for this configuration.

    After applying the configuration update, all the pods in sriov-network-operator namespace transition to the Running status.

  2. To verify that the SR-IOV network device is configured, enter the following command. Replace <node_name> with the name of a node with the SR-IOV network device that you just configured.

    $ oc get sriovnetworknodestates -n openshift-sriov-network-operator <node_name> -o jsonpath='{.status.syncStatus}'

Troubleshooting SR-IOV configuration

After following the procedure to configure an SR-IOV network device, the following sections address some error conditions.

To display the state of nodes, run the following command:

$ oc get sriovnetworknodestates -n openshift-sriov-network-operator <node_name>

where: <node_name> specifies the name of a node with an SR-IOV network device.

Error output: Cannot allocate memory
"lastSyncError": "write /sys/bus/pci/devices/0000:3b:00.1/sriov_numvfs: cannot allocate memory"

When a node indicates that it cannot allocate memory, check the following items:

  • Confirm that global SR-IOV settings are enabled in the BIOS for the node.

  • Confirm that VT-d is enabled in the BIOS for the node.

Assigning an SR-IOV network to a VRF

CNI VRF plug-in is a Technology Preview feature only. Technology Preview features are not supported with Red Hat production service level agreements (SLAs) and might not be functionally complete. Red Hat does not recommend using them in production. These features provide early access to upcoming product features, enabling customers to test functionality and provide feedback during the development process.

For more information about the support scope of Red Hat Technology Preview features, see https://access.redhat.com/support/offerings/techpreview/.

As a cluster administrator, you can assign an SR-IOV network interface to your VRF domain by using the CNI VRF plug-in.

To do this, add the VRF configuration to the optional metaPlugins parameter of the SriovNetwork resource.

Applications that use VRFs need to bind to a specific device. The common usage is to use the SO_BINDTODEVICE option for a socket. SO_BINDTODEVICE binds the socket to a device that is specified in the passed interface name, for example, eth1. To use SO_BINDTODEVICE, the application must have CAP_NET_RAW capabilities.

Creating an additional SR-IOV network attachment with the CNI VRF plug-in

The SR-IOV Network Operator manages additional network definitions. When you specify an additional SR-IOV network to create, the SR-IOV Network Operator creates the NetworkAttachmentDefinition custom resource (CR) automatically.

Do not edit NetworkAttachmentDefinition custom resources that the SR-IOV Network Operator manages. Doing so might disrupt network traffic on your additional network.

To create an additional SR-IOV network attachment with the CNI VRF plug-in, perform the following procedure.

  • Install the OKD CLI (oc).

  • Log in to the OKD cluster as a user with cluster-admin privileges.

  1. Create the SriovNetwork custom resource (CR) for the additional SR-IOV network attachment and insert the metaPlugins configuration, as in the following example CR. Save the YAML as the file sriov-network-attachment.yaml.

    apiVersion: sriovnetwork.openshift.io/v1
    kind: SriovNetwork
      name: example-network
      namespace: additional-sriov-network-1
      ipam: |
          "type": "host-local",
          "subnet": "",
          "rangeStart": "",
          "rangeEnd": "",
          "routes": [{
            "dst": ""
          "gateway": ""
      vlan: 0
      resourceName: intelnics
      metaPlugins : |
          "type": "vrf", (1)
          "vrfname": "example-vrf-name" (2)
    1 type must be set to vrf.
    2 vrfname is the name of the VRF that the interface is assigned to. If it does not exist in the pod, it is created.
  2. Create the SriovNetwork resource:

    $ oc create -f sriov-network-attachment.yaml
Verifying that the NetworkAttachmentDefinition CR is successfully created
  • Confirm that the SR-IOV Network Operator created the NetworkAttachmentDefinition CR by running the following command.

    $ oc get network-attachment-definitions -n <namespace> (1)
    1 Replace <namespace> with the namespace that you specified when configuring the network attachment, for example, additional-sriov-network-1.
    Example output
    NAME                            AGE
    additional-sriov-network-1      14m

    There might be a delay before the SR-IOV Network Operator creates the CR.

Verifying that the additional SR-IOV network attachment is successful

To verify that the VRF CNI is correctly configured and the additional SR-IOV network attachment is attached, do the following:

  1. Create an SR-IOV network that uses the VRF CNI.

  2. Assign the network to a pod.

  3. Verify that the pod network attachment is connected to the SR-IOV additional network. Remote shell into the pod and run the following command:

    $ ip vrf show
    Example output
    Name              Table
    red                 10
  4. Confirm the VRF interface is master of the secondary interface:

    $ ip link
    Example output
    5: net1: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc noqueue master red state UP mode