Red Hat has announced the Operator Framework, an open source toolkit designed to manage Kubernetes native applications, called Operators, in a more effective, automated, and scalable way.
The following sections provide instructions for trying out the Technology Preview Operator Framework in OKD 3.11 as a cluster administrator.
The Technology Preview Operator Framework installs the Operator Lifecycle Manager (OLM), which aids cluster administrators in installing, upgrading, and granting access to Operators running on their OKD cluster.
The OKD web console is also updated with new management screens for cluster administrators to install Operators, as well as grant specific projects access to use the catalog of Operators available on the cluster.
For developers, a self-service experience allows provisioning and configuring instances of databases, monitoring, and big data services without having to be subject matter experts, because the Operator has that knowledge baked into it.
In the screenshot, you can see the pre-loaded catalog sources of partner Operators from leading software vendors:
Couchbase offers a NoSQL database that provides a mechanism for storage and retrieval of data which is modeled in means other than the tabular relations used in relational databases. Available on OKD 3.11 as a developer preview, supported by Couchbase, the Operator allows you to run Couchbase deployments natively on OKD. It installs and can more effectively failover your NoSQL clusters.
Dynatrace application monitoring provides performance metrics in real time and can help detect and diagnose problems automatically. The Operator will more easily install the container-focused monitoring stack and connect it back to the Dynatrace monitoring cloud, watching custom resources and monitoring desired states constantly.
MongoDB is a distributed, transactional database that stores data in flexible, JSON-like documents. The Operator supports deploying both production-ready replica sets and sharded clusters, and standalone dev/test instances. It works in conjunction with MongoDB Ops Manager, ensuring all clusters are deployed according to operational best practices.
Also included are the following Red Hat-provided Operators:
Red Hat AMQ Streams is a massively scalable, distributed, and high performance data streaming platform based on the Apache Kafka project. It offers a distributed backbone that allows microservices and other applications to share data with extremely high throughput and extremely low latency.
etcd is a distributed key-value store that provides a reliable way to store data across a cluster of machines. This Operator enables users to configure and manage the complexities of etcd using a simple declarative configuration that creates, configures, and manages etcd clusters.
Prometheus is a cloud native monitoring system co-hosted with Kubernetes within the CNCF. This Operator includes application domain knowledge to take care of common tasks like create/destroy, simple configuration, automatic generating of monitoring target configurations via labels, and more.
To install the Technology Preview Operator Framework, you can use the included
playbook with the OKD
openshift-ansible installer after installing
Alternatively, the Technology Preview Operator Framework can be installed during initial cluster installation. See Configuring Your Inventory File for separate instructions.
An existing OKD 3.11 cluster
Access to the cluster using an account with
Ansible playbooks provided by the latest
Change to the playbook directory and run the registry authorization playbook using your inventory file to authorize your nodes using your credentials from the previous step:
$ cd /usr/share/ansible/openshift-ansible $ ansible-playbook -i <inventory_file> \ playbooks/updates/registry_auth.yml
Change to the playbook directory and run the OLM installation playbook using your inventory file:
$ cd /usr/share/ansible/openshift-ansible $ ansible-playbook -i <inventory_file> \ playbooks/olm/config.yml
Navigate to the cluster’s web console using a browser. A new section should now be available in the navigation on the left side of the page:
This is where you can install Operators, grant projects access to them, and then launch instances for all of your environments.
This section walks through creating a new Couchbase cluster using the Couchbase Operator.
OKD 3.11 with Technology Preview OLM enabled
Access to the cluster using an account with
Couchbase Operator loaded to the Operator catalog (loaded by default with Technology Preview OLM)
As a cluster administrator (a user with the
cluster-admin role), create a new
project in the OKD web console for this procedure. This example uses
a project called couchbase-test.
Installing an Operator within a project is done through a Subscription object, which the cluster administrator can create and manage across the entire cluster. To view the available Subscriptions, navigate to the Cluster Console from the drop-down menu, then to the Operators → Catalog Sources screen in the left navigation.
If you want to enable additional users to view, create, and manage Subscriptions
in a project, they must have the
$ oc policy add-role-to-user admin <user> -n <target_project> $ oc policy add-role-to-user view <user> -n <target_project> $ oc policy add-role-to-user view <user> -n operator-lifecycle-manager
This experience will be simplified in future releases of the OLM.
Subscribe the desired project to the Couchbase catalog source from either the web console or CLI.
Choose one of the following methods:
For the web console method, ensure you are viewing the desired project, then click Create Subscription on an Operator from this screen to install it to the project.
For the CLI method, create a YAML file using the following definition:
apiVersion: operators.coreos.com/v1alpha1 kind: Subscription metadata: generateName: couchbase-enterprise- namespace: couchbase-test (1) spec: source: certified-operators name: couchbase-enterprise startingCSV: couchbase-operator.v1.0.0 channel: preview
Then, create the Subscription using the CLI:
$ oc create -f couchbase-subscription.yaml
After the Subscription is created, the Operator then appears in the Cluster Service Versions screen, which is the catalog users can use to launch the software provided by the Operator. Click on the Couchbase Operator to view more details about this Operator’s features:
Before creating the Couchbase cluster, create a secret with the following definition using the web console or CLI that holds credentials for the super user account. The Operator reads this upon start up and configures the database with these details:
apiVersion: v1 kind: Secret metadata: name: couchbase-admin-creds namespace: couchbase-test (1) type: Opaque stringData: username: admin password: password
Choose one of the following methods:
For the web console method, click Workloads → Secrets from the left navigation, then click Create and choose Secret from YAML to enter the secret definition.
For the CLI method, save the secret definition to a YAML file (for example, couchbase-secret.yaml) and use the CLI to create it in the desired project:
$ oc create -f couchbase-secret.yaml
Create the new Couchbase cluster.
All users with the
$ oc policy add-role-to-user edit <user> -n <target_project>
From the Cluster Service Versions section of the web console, click Create
Couchbase Operator from the Operator’s Overview screen to begin creating a
CouchbaseCluster object. This object is a new type that the Operator has
made available in the cluster. The object works similar to the built-in
ReplicaSet objects, but contains logic specific to managing
When clicking the Create Couchbase Operator button, you may receive a 404 error the first time. This is a known issue; as a workaround, refresh this page to continue. (BZ#1609731)
The web console contains a minimal starting template, but you can read the Couchbase documentation for all of the features the Operator supports.
Ensure that you configure the name of the secret that contains the
apiVersion: couchbase.com/v1 kind: CouchbaseCluster metadata: name: cb-example namespace: couchbase-test spec: authSecret: couchbase-admin-creds baseImage: registry.connect.redhat.com/couchbase/server [...]
When you have finalized your object definition, click Create in the web console (or use the CLI) to create your object. This triggers the Operator to start up the pods, services, and other components of the Couchbase cluster.
Your project now contains a number of resources created and configured automatically by the Operator:
Click the Resources tab to verify that a Kubernetes service has been created that allows you to access the database from other pods in your project.
cb-example service, you can connect to the database using the
credentials saved in the secret. Other application pods can mount and use this
secret and communicate with the service.
You now have a fault-tolerant installation of Couchbase that will react to failures and rebalance data as pods become unhealthy or are migrated between nodes in the cluster. Most importantly, cluster administrators or developers can easily obtain this database cluster by supplying high-level configuration; it is not required to have deep knowledge of the nuances of Couchbase clustering or failover.
Read more about the capabilities of the Couchbase Autonomous Operator in the official Couchbase documentation.
The OpenShift team would love to hear about your experience using the Operator Framework and suggestions you have for services you would like to see offered as an Operator.
Get in touch with the team by emailing email@example.com.