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Understanding upgrade channels and releases

With upgrade channels, you can choose an upgrade strategy. Upgrade channels are specific to a minor version of OKD. Upgrade channels only control release selection and do not impact the version of the cluster that you install. The openshift-install binary file for a specific version of the OKD always installs that minor version.

OKD 4.12 offers the following update channel:

  • stable-4

Understanding cluster Operator condition types

The status of cluster Operators includes their condition type, which informs you of the current state of your Operator’s health. The following definitions cover a list of some common ClusterOperator condition types. Operators that have additional condition types and use Operator-specific language have been omitted.

The Cluster Version Operator (CVO) is responsible for collecting the status conditions from cluster Operators so that cluster administrators can better understand the state of the OKD cluster.

  • Available: The condition type Available indicates that an Operator is functional and available in the cluster. If the status is False, at least one part of the operand is non-functional and the condition requires an administrator to intervene.

  • Progressing: The condition type Progressing indicates that an Operator is actively rolling out new code, propagating configuration changes, or otherwise moving from one steady state to another.

    Operators do not report the condition type Progressing as True when they are reconciling a previous known state. If the observed cluster state has changed and the Operator is reacting to it, then the status reports back as True, since it is moving from one steady state to another.

  • Degraded: The condition type Degraded indicates that an Operator has a current state that does not match its required state over a period of time. The period of time can vary by component, but a Degraded status represents persistent observation of an Operator’s condition. As a result, an Operator does not fluctuate in and out of the Degraded state.

    There might be a different condition type if the transition from one state to another does not persist over a long enough period to report Degraded. An Operator does not report Degraded during the course of a normal upgrade. An Operator may report Degraded in response to a persistent infrastructure failure that requires eventual administrator intervention.

    This condition type is only an indication that something may need investigation and adjustment. As long as the Operator is available, the Degraded condition does not cause user workload failure or application downtime.

  • Upgradeable: The condition type Upgradeable indicates whether the Operator is safe to upgrade based on the current cluster state. The message field contains a human-readable description of what the administrator needs to do for the cluster to successfully update. The CVO allows updates when this condition is True, Unknown or missing.

    When the Upgradeable status is False, only minor updates are impacted, and the CVO prevents the cluster from performing impacted updates unless forced.

Understanding cluster version condition types

The Cluster Version Operator (CVO) monitors cluster Operators and other components, and is responsible for collecting the status of both the cluster version and its Operators. This status includes the condition type, which informs you of the health and current state of the OKD cluster.

In addition to Available, Progressing, and Upgradeable, there are condition types that affect cluster versions and Operators.

  • Failing: The cluster version condition type Failing indicates that a cluster cannot reach its desired state, is unhealthy, and requires an administrator to intervene.

  • Invalid: The cluster version condition type Invalid indicates that the cluster version has an error that prevents the server from taking action. The CVO only reconciles the current state as long as this condition is set.

  • RetrievedUpdates: The cluster version condition type RetrievedUpdates indicates whether or not available updates have been retrieved from the upstream update server. The condition is Unknown before retrieval, False if the updates either recently failed or could not be retrieved, or True if the availableUpdates field is both recent and accurate.

  • ReleaseAccepted: The cluster version condition type ReleaseAccepted with a True status indicates that the requested release payload was successfully loaded without failure during image verification and precondition checking.

  • ImplicitlyEnabledCapabilities: The cluster version condition type ImplicitlyEnabledCapabilities with a True status indicates that there are enabled capabilities that the user is not currently requesting through spec.capabilities. The CVO does not support disabling capabilities if any associated resources were previously managed by the CVO.

Updating a cluster using the web console

Updating a cluster using the web console: You can update an OKD cluster by using the web console. The following steps update a cluster within a minor version. You can use the same instructions for updating a cluster between minor versions.

Updating a cluster using the CLI

Updating a cluster using the CLI: You can update an OKD cluster within a minor version by using the OpenShift CLI (oc). The following steps update a cluster within a minor version. You can use the same instructions for updating a cluster between minor versions.

Performing a canary rollout update

Performing a canary rollout update: By controlling the rollout of an update to the worker nodes, you can ensure that mission-critical applications stay available during the whole update, even if the update process causes your applications to fail. Depending on your organizational needs, you might want to update a small subset of worker nodes, evaluate cluster and workload health over a period of time, and then update the remaining nodes. This is referred to as a canary update. Alternatively, you might also want to fit worker node updates, which often requires a host reboot, into smaller defined maintenance windows when it is not possible to take a large maintenance window to update the entire cluster at one time. You can perform the following procedures:

Updating a cluster in a disconnected environment

About cluster updates in a disconnected environment: If your mirror host cannot access both the internet and the cluster, you can mirror the images to a file system that is disconnected from that environment. You can then bring that host or removable media across that gap. If the local container registry and the cluster are connected to the mirror host of a registry, you can directly push the release images to the local registry.

Updating hardware on nodes running in vSphere

Updating hardware on vSphere: You must ensure that your nodes running in vSphere are running on the hardware version supported by OpenShift Container Platform. Currently, hardware version 13 or later is supported for vSphere virtual machines in a cluster. For more information, see the following:

Using hardware version 13 for your cluster nodes running on vSphere is now deprecated. This version is still fully supported, but support will be removed in a future version of OKD. Hardware version 15 is now the default for vSphere virtual machines in OKD.