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You can use the descheduler to evict pods so that the pods can be rescheduled onto more appropriate nodes. If the pod is a virtual machine, the pod eviction causes the virtual machine to be live migrated to another node.

Descheduler eviction for virtual machines is a Technology Preview feature only. Technology Preview features are not supported with Red Hat production service level agreements (SLAs) and might not be functionally complete. Red Hat does not recommend using them in production. These features provide early access to upcoming product features, enabling customers to test functionality and provide feedback during the development process.

For more information about the support scope of Red Hat Technology Preview features, see https://access.redhat.com/support/offerings/techpreview/.

Descheduler profiles

Use the Technology Preview DevPreviewLongLifecycle profile to enable the descheduler on a virtual machine. This is the only descheduler profile currently available for OKD Virtualization. To ensure proper scheduling, create VMs with CPU and memory requests for the expected load.

DevPreviewLongLifecycle

This profile balances resource usage between nodes and enables the following strategies:

  • RemovePodsHavingTooManyRestarts: removes pods whose containers have been restarted too many times and pods where the sum of restarts over all containers (including Init Containers) is more than 100. Restarting the VM guest operating system does not increase this count.

  • LowNodeUtilization: evicts pods from overutilized nodes when there are any underutilized nodes. The destination node for the evicted pod will be determined by the scheduler.

    • A node is considered underutilized if its usage is below 20% for all thresholds (CPU, memory, and number of pods).

    • A node is considered overutilized if its usage is above 50% for any of the thresholds (CPU, memory, and number of pods).

Installing the descheduler

The descheduler is not available by default. To enable the descheduler, you must install the Kube Descheduler Operator from OperatorHub and enable one or more descheduler profiles.

By default, the descheduler runs in predictive mode, which means that it only simulates pod evictions. You must change the mode to automatic for the descheduler to perform the pod evictions.

Prerequisites
  • Cluster administrator privileges.

  • Access to the OKD web console.

  • Ensure that you have downloaded the pull secret from the Red Hat OpenShift Cluster Manager as shown in Obtaining the installation program in the installation documentation for your platform.

    If you have the pull secret, add the redhat-operators catalog to the OperatorHub custom resource (CR) as shown in Configuring OKD to use Red Hat Operators.

Procedure
  1. Log in to the OKD web console.

  2. Create the required namespace for the Kube Descheduler Operator.

    1. Navigate to AdministrationNamespaces and click Create Namespace.

    2. Enter openshift-kube-descheduler-operator in the Name field, enter openshift.io/cluster-monitoring=true in the Labels field to enable descheduler metrics, and click Create.

  3. Install the Kube Descheduler Operator.

    1. Navigate to OperatorsOperatorHub.

    2. Type Kube Descheduler Operator into the filter box.

    3. Select the Kube Descheduler Operator and click Install.

    4. On the Install Operator page, select A specific namespace on the cluster. Select openshift-kube-descheduler-operator from the drop-down menu.

    5. Adjust the values for the Update Channel and Approval Strategy to the desired values.

    6. Click Install.

  4. Create a descheduler instance.

    1. From the OperatorsInstalled Operators page, click the Kube Descheduler Operator.

    2. Select the Kube Descheduler tab and click Create KubeDescheduler.

    3. Edit the settings as necessary.

      1. To evict pods instead of simulating the evictions, change the Mode field to Automatic.

      2. Expand the Profiles section and select DevPreviewLongLifecycle. The AffinityAndTaints profile is enabled by default.

        The only profile currently available for OKD Virtualization is DevPreviewLongLifecycle.

You can also configure the profiles and settings for the descheduler later using the OpenShift CLI (oc).

Enabling descheduler evictions on a virtual machine (VM)

After the descheduler is installed, you can enable descheduler evictions on your VM by adding an annotation to the VirtualMachine custom resource (CR).

Prerequisites
  • Install the descheduler in the OKD web console or OpenShift CLI (oc).

  • Ensure that the VM is not running.

Procedure
  1. Before starting the VM, add the descheduler.alpha.kubernetes.io/evict annotation to the VirtualMachine CR:

    apiVersion: kubevirt.io/v1
    kind: VirtualMachine
    spec:
      template:
        metadata:
          annotations:
            descheduler.alpha.kubernetes.io/evict: "true"
  2. If you did not already set the DevPreviewLongLifecycle profile in the web console during installation, specify the DevPreviewLongLifecycle in the spec.profile section of the KubeDescheduler object:

    apiVersion: operator.openshift.io/v1
    kind: KubeDescheduler
    metadata:
      name: cluster
      namespace: openshift-kube-descheduler-operator
    spec:
      deschedulingIntervalSeconds: 3600
      profiles:
      - DevPreviewLongLifecycle

The descheduler is now enabled on the VM.