Prerequisites

To view your applications in the Topology view and interact with them, ensure that:

Viewing the topology of your application

You can navigate to the Topology view using the left navigation panel in the Developer perspective. After you deploy an application, you are directed automatically to the Graph view where you can see the status of the application pods, quickly access the application on a public URL, access the source code to modify it, and see the status of your last build. You can zoom in and out to see more details for a particular application.

The Topology view also provides you the option to monitor your applications using the List view. Use the List view icon (odc list view icon) to see a list of all your applications and use the Graph view icon (odc topology view icon) to switch back to the graph view.

You can customize the views as required using the following:

  • Use the Find by name field to find the required components. Search results may appear outside of the visible area; click Fit to Screen from the lower-left toolbar to resize the Topology view to show all components.

  • Use the Display Options drop-down list to configure the Topology view of the various application groupings. The options are available depending on the types of components deployed in the project:

    • Mode (Connectivity or Consumption)

      • Connectivity: Select to show all the connections between the different nodes in the topology.

      • Consumption: Select to show the resource consumption for all nodes in the topology.

    • Expand group

      • Virtual Machines: Toggle to show or hide the virtual machines.

      • Application Groupings: Clear to condense the application groups into cards with an overview of an application group and alerts associated with it.

      • Helm Releases: Clear to condense the components deployed as Helm Release into cards with an overview of a given release.

      • Knative Services: Clear to condense the Knative Service components into cards with an overview of a given component.

      • Operator Groupings: Clear to condense the components deployed with an Operator into cards with an overview of the given group.

    • Show elements based on Pod Count or Labels

      • Pod Count: Select to show the number of pods of a component in the component icon.

      • Labels: Toggle to show or hide the component labels.

Interacting with applications and components

The Topology view in the Developer perspective of the web console provides the following options to interact with applications and components:

  • Click Open URL (odc open url) to see your application exposed by the route on a public URL.

  • Click Edit Source code to access your source code and modify it.

    This feature is available only when you create applications using the From Git, From Catalog, and the From Dockerfile options.

  • Hover your cursor over the lower left icon on the Pod to see the name of the latest build and its status. The status of the application build is indicated as New (odc build new), Pending (odc build pending), Running (odc build running), Completed (odc build completed), Failed (odc build failed), and Canceled (odc build canceled).

  • The status or phase of the pod is indicated by different colors and tooltips as:

    • Running (odc pod running): The pod is bound to a node and all of the containers are created. At least one container is still running or is in the process of starting or restarting.

    • Not Ready (odc pod not ready): The pods which are running multiple containers, not all containers are ready.

    • Warning(odc pod warning): Containers in pods are being terminated, however termination did not succeed. Some containers may be other states.

    • Failed(odc pod failed): All containers in the pod terminated but least one container has terminated in failure. That is, the container either exited with non-zero status or was terminated by the system.

    • Pending(odc pod pending): The pod is accepted by the Kubernetes cluster, but one or more of the containers has not been set up and made ready to run. This includes time a pod spends waiting to be scheduled as well as the time spent downloading container images over the network.

    • Succeeded(odc pod succeeded): All containers in the pod terminated successfully and will not be restarted.

    • Terminating(odc pod terminating): When a pod is being deleted, it is shown as Terminating by some kubectl commands. Terminating status is not one of the pod phases. A pod is granted a graceful termination period, which defaults to 30 seconds.

    • Unknown(odc pod unknown): The state of the pod could not be obtained. This phase typically occurs due to an error in communicating with the node where the pod should be running.

  • After you create an application and an image is deployed, the status is shown as Pending. After the application is built, it is displayed as Running.

    odc application topology
    Figure 1. Application topology

    The application resource name is appended with indicators for the different types of resource objects as follows:

    • CJ: CronJob

    • D: Deployment

    • DC: DeploymentConfig

    • DS: DaemonSet

    • J: Job

    • P: Pod

    • SS: StatefulSet

    • odc serverless app (Knative): A serverless application

      Serverless applications take some time to load and display on the Graph view. When you deploy a serverless application, it first creates a service resource and then a revision. After that, it is deployed and displayed on the Graph view. If it is the only workload, you might be redirected to the Add page. After the revision is deployed, the serverless application is displayed on the Graph view.

You can also use the context menu by right-clicking in the topology Graph view to add a service such as Import from Git, Container Image, Database, From Catalog, Operator Backed, Helm Charts, Samples, or Upload JAR file to your project.

odc context project
Figure 2. Context menu to add services

Scaling application pods and checking builds and routes

The Topology view provides the details of the deployed components in the Overview panel. You can use the Overview and Resources tabs to scale the application pods, check build status, services, and routes as follows:

  • Click on the component node to see the Overview panel to the right. Use the Overview tab to:

    • Scale your pods using the up and down arrows to increase or decrease the number of instances of the application manually. For serverless applications, the pods are automatically scaled down to zero when idle and scaled up depending on the channel traffic.

    • Check the Labels, Annotations, and Status of the application.

  • Click the Resources tab to:

    • See the list of all the pods, view their status, access logs, and click on the pod to see the pod details.

    • See the builds, their status, access logs, and start a new build if needed.

    • See the services and routes used by the component.

    For serverless applications, the Resources tab provides information on the revision, routes, and the configurations used for that component.

Grouping multiple components within an application

You can use the +Add view to add multiple components or services to your project and use the Topology view to group applications and resources within an application group. The following procedure adds a MariaDB database service to an existing application with a Node.js component.

Prerequisites
  • Ensure that you have created and deployed a Node.js application on OKD using the Developer perspective.

Procedure
  1. Create and deploy the MariaDB service to your project:

    1. In the Developer perspective, navigate to the +Add view and select the From Catalog option to view all available services in the Developer Catalog.

    2. Select Databases to list all the database services and then click MariaDB option to see the details for the service.

    3. Click Instantiate Template to see an automatically populated template with details for the MariaDB service, and then click Create to create and view the MariaDB service in the Topology view.

  2. To add the MariaDB service to the existing application group, press Shift+ drag the mariadb pod to the application group that contains the Node.Js component. The MariaDB service is added to the existing application group.

  3. Click the MariaDB service node and confirm that the app.kubernetes.io/part-of=<application-name> label is in the Labels section in the Overview Panel. Adding a component to an application group automatically adds the required labels to the component.

    odc app grouping label
    Figure 3. Application grouping

You can remove a component from an application group by selecting the component and using Shift+ drag to drag it out of the application group.

Adding services to your application

To add a service to your application use the +Add actions using the context menu in the topology Graph view.

In addition to the context menu, you can add services by using the sidebar or hovering and dragging the dangling arrow from the application group.

Procedure
  1. Right-click an application group in the topology Graph view to display the context menu.

    odc context menu
    Figure 4. Add resource context menu
  2. Use Add to Application to select a method for adding a service to the application group, such as From Git, Container Image, From Dockerfile, From Devfile, Upload JAR file, Event Source, Channel, or Broker.

  3. Complete the form for the method you choose and click Create. For example, to add a service based on the source code in your Git repository, choose the From Git method, fill in the Import from Git form, and click Create.

Removing services from your application

In the topology Graph view remove a service from your application using the context menu.

Procedure
  1. Right-click on a service in an application group in the topology Graph view to display the context menu.

  2. Select Delete Deployment to delete the service.