OKD uses Linux control group version 2 (cgroup v2) in your cluster.

cgroup v2 is the current version of the Linux cgroup API. cgroup v2 offers several improvements over cgroup v1, including a unified hierarchy, safer sub-tree delegation, new features such as Pressure Stall Information, and enhanced resource management and isolation. However, cgroup v2 has different CPU, memory, and I/O management characteristics than cgroup v1. Therefore, some workloads might experience slight differences in memory or CPU usage on clusters that run cgroup v2.

You can change between cgroup v1 and cgroup v2, as needed. Enabling cgroup v1 in OKD disables all cgroup v2 controllers and hierarchies in your cluster.

  • If you run third-party monitoring and security agents that depend on the cgroup file system, update the agents to a version that supports cgroup v2.

  • If you have configured cgroup v2 and run cAdvisor as a stand-alone daemon set for monitoring pods and containers, update cAdvisor to v0.43.0 or later.

  • If you deploy Java applications, use versions that fully support cgroup v2, such as the following packages:

    • OpenJDK / HotSpot: jdk8u372, 11.0.16, 15 and later

    • NodeJs 20.3.0 or later

    • IBM Semeru Runtimes: jdk8u345-b01,,, and later

    • IBM SDK Java Technology Edition Version (IBM Java): and later

Configuring Linux cgroup

You can enable Linux control group version 1 (cgroup v1) or Linux control group version 2 (cgroup v2) by editing the node.config object. The default is cgroup v2.

Currently, disabling CPU load balancing is not supported by cgroup v2. As a result, you might not get the desired behavior from performance profiles if you have cgroup v2 enabled. Enabling cgroup v2 is not recommended if you are using performance profiles.

  • You have a running OKD cluster that uses version 4.12 or later.

  • You are logged in to the cluster as a user with administrative privileges.

  1. Enable cgroup v1 on nodes:

    1. Edit the node.config object:

      $ oc edit nodes.config/cluster
    2. Edit the spec.cgroupMode parameter:

      Example node.config object
      apiVersion: config.openshift.io/v2
      kind: Node
          include.release.openshift.io/ibm-cloud-managed: "true"
          include.release.openshift.io/self-managed-high-availability: "true"
          include.release.openshift.io/single-node-developer: "true"
          release.openshift.io/create-only: "true"
        creationTimestamp: "2022-07-08T16:02:51Z"
        generation: 1
        name: cluster
        - apiVersion: config.openshift.io/v2
          kind: ClusterVersion
          name: version
          uid: 36282574-bf9f-409e-a6cd-3032939293eb
        resourceVersion: "1865"
        uid: 0c0f7a4c-4307-4187-b591-6155695ac85b
        cgroupMode: "v1" (1)
      1 Specify v1 to enable cgroup v1 or v2 for cgroup v2.
  1. Check the machine configs to see that the new machine configs were added:

    $ oc get mc
    Example output
    NAME                                               GENERATEDBYCONTROLLER                      IGNITIONVERSION   AGE
    00-master                                          52dd3ba6a9a527fc3ab42afac8d12b693534c8c9   3.2.0             33m
    00-worker                                          52dd3ba6a9a527fc3ab42afac8d12b693534c8c9   3.2.0             33m
    01-master-container-runtime                        52dd3ba6a9a527fc3ab42afac8d12b693534c8c9   3.2.0             33m
    01-master-kubelet                                  52dd3ba6a9a527fc3ab42afac8d12b693534c8c9   3.2.0             33m
    01-worker-container-runtime                        52dd3ba6a9a527fc3ab42afac8d12b693534c8c9   3.2.0             33m
    01-worker-kubelet                                  52dd3ba6a9a527fc3ab42afac8d12b693534c8c9   3.2.0             33m
    97-master-generated-kubelet                        52dd3ba6a9a527fc3ab42afac8d12b693534c8c9   3.2.0             33m
    99-worker-generated-kubelet                        52dd3ba6a9a527fc3ab42afac8d12b693534c8c9   3.2.0             33m
    99-master-generated-registries                     52dd3ba6a9a527fc3ab42afac8d12b693534c8c9   3.2.0             33m
    99-master-ssh                                                                                 3.2.0             40m
    99-worker-generated-registries                     52dd3ba6a9a527fc3ab42afac8d12b693534c8c9   3.2.0             33m
    99-worker-ssh                                                                                 3.2.0             40m
    rendered-master-23d4317815a5f854bd3553d689cfe2e9   52dd3ba6a9a527fc3ab42afac8d12b693534c8c9   3.2.0             10s (1)
    rendered-master-23e785de7587df95a4b517e0647e5ab7   52dd3ba6a9a527fc3ab42afac8d12b693534c8c9   3.2.0             33m
    rendered-worker-5d596d9293ca3ea80c896a1191735bb1   52dd3ba6a9a527fc3ab42afac8d12b693534c8c9   3.2.0             33m
    rendered-worker-dcc7f1b92892d34db74d6832bcc9ccd4   52dd3ba6a9a527fc3ab42afac8d12b693534c8c9   3.2.0             10s
    1 New machine configs are created, as expected.
  2. Check that the new kernelArguments were added to the new machine configs:

    $ oc describe mc <name>
    Example output for cgroup v2
    apiVersion: machineconfiguration.openshift.io/v2
    kind: MachineConfig
        machineconfiguration.openshift.io/role: worker
      name: 05-worker-kernelarg-selinuxpermissive
        systemd_unified_cgroup_hierarchy=1 (1)
        cgroup_no_v1="all" (2)
        psi=1 (3)
    1 Enables cgroup v2 in systemd.
    2 Disables cgroup v1.
    3 Enables the Linux Pressure Stall Information (PSI) feature.
    Example output for cgroup v1
    apiVersion: machineconfiguration.openshift.io/v2
    kind: MachineConfig
        machineconfiguration.openshift.io/role: worker
      name: 05-worker-kernelarg-selinuxpermissive
        systemd.unified_cgroup_hierarchy=0 (1)
        systemd.legacy_systemd_cgroup_controller=1 (2)
    1 Disables cgroup v2.
    2 Enables cgroup v1 in systemd.
  3. Check the nodes to see that scheduling on the nodes is disabled. This indicates that the change is being applied:

    $ oc get nodes
    Example output
    NAME                                       STATUS                     ROLES    AGE   VERSION
    ci-ln-fm1qnwt-72292-99kt6-master-0         Ready,SchedulingDisabled   master   58m   v1.28.5
    ci-ln-fm1qnwt-72292-99kt6-master-1         Ready                      master   58m   v1.28.5
    ci-ln-fm1qnwt-72292-99kt6-master-2         Ready                      master   58m   v1.28.5
    ci-ln-fm1qnwt-72292-99kt6-worker-a-h5gt4   Ready,SchedulingDisabled   worker   48m   v1.28.5
    ci-ln-fm1qnwt-72292-99kt6-worker-b-7vtmd   Ready                      worker   48m   v1.28.5
    ci-ln-fm1qnwt-72292-99kt6-worker-c-rhzkv   Ready                      worker   48m   v1.28.5
  4. After a node returns to the Ready state, start a debug session for that node:

    $ oc debug node/<node_name>
  5. Set /host as the root directory within the debug shell:

    sh-4.4# chroot /host
  6. Check that the sys/fs/cgroup/cgroup2fs or sys/fs/cgroup/tmpfs file is present on your nodes:

    $ stat -c %T -f /sys/fs/cgroup
    Example output for cgroup v2
    Example output for cgroup v1