In-tree storage drivers that are traditionally shipped with OKD are being deprecated and replaced by their equivalent Container Storage Interface (CSI) drivers. OKD provides automatic migration for in-tree volume plugins to their equivalent CSI drivers.


This feature automatically migrates volumes that were provisioned using in-tree storage plugins to their counterpart Container Storage Interface (CSI) drivers.

This process does not perform any data migration; OKD only translates the persistent volume object in memory. As a result, the translated persistent volume object is not stored on disk, nor is its contents changed. CSI automatic migration should be seamless. This feature does not change how you use all existing API objects: for example, PersistentVolumes, PersistentVolumeClaims, and StorageClasses.

The following in-tree to CSI drivers are automatically migrated:

  • Azure Disk

  • OpenStack Cinder

  • Amazon Web Services (AWS) Elastic Block Storage (EBS)

  • Google Compute Engine Persistent Disk (GCP PD)

  • Azure File

  • VMware vSphere (see information below for specific migration behavior for vSphere)

CSI migration for these volume types is considered generally available (GA), and requires no manual intervention.

CSI automatic migration of in-tree persistent volumes (PVs) or persistent volume claims (PVCs) does not enable any new CSI driver features, such as snapshots or expansion, if the original in-tree storage plugin did not support it.

Storage class implications

For new OKD 4.13, and later, installations, the default storage class is the CSI storage class. All volumes provisioned using this storage class are CSI persistent volumes (PVs).

For clusters upgraded from 4.12, and earlier, to 4.13, and later, the CSI storage class is created, and is set as the default if no default storage class was set prior to the upgrade. In the very unlikely case that there is a storage class with the same name, the existing storage class remains unchanged. Any existing in-tree storage classes remain, and might be necessary for certain features, such as volume expansion to work for existing in-tree PVs. While storage class referencing to the in-tree storage plugin will continue working, we recommend that you switch the default storage class to the CSI storage class.

To change the default storage class, see Changing the default storage class.

vSphere automatic migration

New installations of OKD

For new installations of OKD 4.13, or later, automatic migration is enabled by default.

Upgrading OKD

When upgrading from OKD 4.12, or earlier, to 4.13, automatic CSI migration for vSphere only occurs if you opt in.

Carefully review the following consequences before opting in to migration:

  • There are known issues that can occur that can cause the migration to fail.

  • Enabling migration cannot be undone.

  • Migration can take awhile to complete depending on how many nodes are on the cluster.

  • Migration is a disruptive process. The Machine Config Operator (MCO) has to update kubelet, which means degrading each node as it rolls out the new MachineConfig to each machine.

Using the web console to opt in to automatic CSI migration

  • Access to the OKD web console.

  • Access to the cluster with cluster-admin privileges.


To opt in to automatic CSI migration for vSphere:

  1. Log in to the web console.

  2. Click AdministrationCustomResourceDefinitions.

  3. On the CustomResourceDefinitions page, type "Storage" to find the Storage custom resource (CR).

  4. Click the Storage CR.

  5. On the storages.operator.openshift.io page, click the Instances tab.

  6. Click the name of the desired instance, and then click the YAML tab.

  7. Set the spec.vsphereStorageDriver parameter to CSIWithMigrationDriver, as shown in the following example:

      logLevel: Normal
      managementState: Managed
      operatorLogLevel: Normal
      vsphereStorageDriver: CSIWithMigrationDriver (1)
    1 spec.vsphereStorageDriver parameter set to CSIWithMigrationDriver
  8. Click Save.

Using the CLI to opt in to automatic CSI migration

  • Access to the cluster with cluster-admin privileges.


To opt in to automatic CSI migration for vSphere, run the following command:

oc patch storage cluster --type=merge -p '{"spec":{"vsphereStorageDriver":"CSIWithMigrationDriver"}}'

You can determine when migration is complete by verifying that the VSphereMigrationControllerAvailable condition is set to "true" in the Storage object.