×

You install the OpenShift API for Data Protection (OADP) with OpenShift Data Foundation by installing the OADP Operator and configuring a backup location and a snapshot location. Then, you install the Data Protection Application.

Starting from OADP 1.0.4, all OADP 1.0.z versions can only be used as a dependency of the MTC Operator and are not available as a standalone Operator.

You can configure Multicloud Object Gateway or any AWS S3-compatible object storage as a backup location.

The CloudStorage API, which automates the creation of a bucket for object storage, is a Technology Preview feature only. Technology Preview features are not supported with Red Hat production service level agreements (SLAs) and might not be functionally complete. Red Hat does not recommend using them in production. These features provide early access to upcoming product features, enabling customers to test functionality and provide feedback during the development process.

For more information about the support scope of Red Hat Technology Preview features, see Technology Preview Features Support Scope.

You create a Secret for the backup location and then you install the Data Protection Application. For more details, see Installing the OADP Operator.

To install the OADP Operator in a restricted network environment, you must first disable the default OperatorHub sources and mirror the Operator catalog. For details, see Using Operator Lifecycle Manager on restricted networks.

About backup and snapshot locations and their secrets

You specify backup and snapshot locations and their secrets in the DataProtectionApplication custom resource (CR).

Backup locations

You specify AWS S3-compatible object storage, such as Multicloud Object Gateway or MinIO, as a backup location.

Velero backs up OKD resources, Kubernetes objects, and internal images as an archive file on object storage.

Snapshot locations

If you use your cloud provider’s native snapshot API to back up persistent volumes, you must specify the cloud provider as the snapshot location.

If you use Container Storage Interface (CSI) snapshots, you do not need to specify a snapshot location because you will create a VolumeSnapshotClass CR to register the CSI driver.

If you use File System Backup (FSB), you do not need to specify a snapshot location because FSB backs up the file system on object storage.

Secrets

If the backup and snapshot locations use the same credentials or if you do not require a snapshot location, you create a default Secret.

If the backup and snapshot locations use different credentials, you create two secret objects:

  • Custom Secret for the backup location, which you specify in the DataProtectionApplication CR.

  • Default Secret for the snapshot location, which is not referenced in the DataProtectionApplication CR.

The Data Protection Application requires a default Secret. Otherwise, the installation will fail.

If you do not want to specify backup or snapshot locations during the installation, you can create a default Secret with an empty credentials-velero file.

Creating a default Secret

You create a default Secret if your backup and snapshot locations use the same credentials or if you do not require a snapshot location.

The default name of the Secret is cloud-credentials, unless your backup storage provider has a default plugin, such as aws, azure, or gcp. In that case, the default name is specified in the provider-specific OADP installation procedure.

The DataProtectionApplication custom resource (CR) requires a default Secret. Otherwise, the installation will fail. If the name of the backup location Secret is not specified, the default name is used.

If you do not want to use the backup location credentials during the installation, you can create a Secret with the default name by using an empty credentials-velero file.

Prerequisites
  • Your object storage and cloud storage, if any, must use the same credentials.

  • You must configure object storage for Velero.

  • You must create a credentials-velero file for the object storage in the appropriate format.

Procedure
  • Create a Secret with the default name:

    $ oc create secret generic cloud-credentials -n openshift-adp --from-file cloud=credentials-velero

The Secret is referenced in the spec.backupLocations.credential block of the DataProtectionApplication CR when you install the Data Protection Application.

Creating secrets for different credentials

If your backup and snapshot locations use different credentials, you must create two Secret objects:

  • Backup location Secret with a custom name. The custom name is specified in the spec.backupLocations block of the DataProtectionApplication custom resource (CR).

  • Snapshot location Secret with the default name, cloud-credentials. This Secret is not specified in the DataProtectionApplication CR.

Procedure
  1. Create a credentials-velero file for the snapshot location in the appropriate format for your cloud provider.

  2. Create a Secret for the snapshot location with the default name:

    $ oc create secret generic cloud-credentials -n openshift-adp --from-file cloud=credentials-velero
  3. Create a credentials-velero file for the backup location in the appropriate format for your object storage.

  4. Create a Secret for the backup location with a custom name:

    $ oc create secret generic <custom_secret> -n openshift-adp --from-file cloud=credentials-velero
  5. Add the Secret with the custom name to the DataProtectionApplication CR, as in the following example:

    apiVersion: oadp.openshift.io/v1alpha1
    kind: DataProtectionApplication
    metadata:
      name: <dpa_sample>
      namespace: openshift-adp
    spec:
    ...
      backupLocations:
        - velero:
            provider: <provider>
            default: true
            credential:
              key: cloud
              name: <custom_secret> (1)
            objectStorage:
              bucket: <bucket_name>
              prefix: <prefix>
    1 Backup location Secret with custom name.

Configuring the Data Protection Application

You can configure the Data Protection Application by setting Velero resource allocations or enabling self-signed CA certificates.

Setting Velero CPU and memory resource allocations

You set the CPU and memory resource allocations for the Velero pod by editing the DataProtectionApplication custom resource (CR) manifest.

Prerequisites
  • You must have the OpenShift API for Data Protection (OADP) Operator installed.

Procedure
  • Edit the values in the spec.configuration.velero.podConfig.ResourceAllocations block of the DataProtectionApplication CR manifest, as in the following example:

    apiVersion: oadp.openshift.io/v1alpha1
    kind: DataProtectionApplication
    metadata:
      name: <dpa_sample>
    spec:
    # ...
      configuration:
        velero:
          podConfig:
            nodeSelector: <node selector> (1)
            resourceAllocations: (2)
              limits:
                cpu: "1"
                memory: 1024Mi
              requests:
                cpu: 200m
                memory: 256Mi
    1 Specify the node selector to be supplied to Velero podSpec.
    2 The resourceAllocations listed are for average usage.

Kopia is an option in OADP 1.3 and later releases. You can use Kopia for file system backups, and Kopia is your only option for Data Mover cases with the built-in Data Mover.

Kopia is more resource intensive than Restic, and you might need to adjust the CPU and memory requirements accordingly.

Adjusting Ceph CPU and memory requirements based on collected data

The following recommendations are based on observations of performance made in the scale and performance lab. The changes are specifically related to Red Hat OpenShift Data Foundation (ODF). If working with ODF, consult the appropriate tuning guides for official recommendations.

CPU and memory requirement for configurations

Backup and restore operations require large amounts of CephFS PersistentVolumes (PVs). To avoid Ceph MDS pods restarting with an out-of-memory (OOM) error, the following configuration is suggested:

Configuration types Request Max limit

CPU

Request changed to 3

Max limit to 3

Memory

Request changed to 8 Gi

Max limit to 128 Gi

Enabling self-signed CA certificates

You must enable a self-signed CA certificate for object storage by editing the DataProtectionApplication custom resource (CR) manifest to prevent a certificate signed by unknown authority error.

Prerequisites
  • You must have the OpenShift API for Data Protection (OADP) Operator installed.

Procedure
  • Edit the spec.backupLocations.velero.objectStorage.caCert parameter and spec.backupLocations.velero.config parameters of the DataProtectionApplication CR manifest:

    apiVersion: oadp.openshift.io/v1alpha1
    kind: DataProtectionApplication
    metadata:
      name: <dpa_sample>
    spec:
    # ...
      backupLocations:
        - name: default
          velero:
            provider: aws
            default: true
            objectStorage:
              bucket: <bucket>
              prefix: <prefix>
              caCert: <base64_encoded_cert_string> (1)
            config:
              insecureSkipTLSVerify: "false" (2)
    # ...
    1 Specify the Base64-encoded CA certificate string.
    2 The insecureSkipTLSVerify configuration can be set to either "true" or "false". If set to "true", SSL/TLS security is disabled. If set to "false", SSL/TLS security is enabled.

Using CA certificates with the velero command aliased for Velero deployment

You might want to use the Velero CLI without installing it locally on your system by creating an alias for it.

Prerequisites
  • You must be logged in to the OpenShift Container Platform cluster as a user with the cluster-admin role.

  • You must have the OpenShift CLI (oc) installed.

    1. To use an aliased Velero command, run the following command:

      $ alias velero='oc -n openshift-adp exec deployment/velero -c velero -it -- ./velero'
    2. Check that the alias is working by running the following command:

      Example
      $ velero version
      Client:
      	Version: v1.12.1-OADP
      	Git commit: -
      Server:
      	Version: v1.12.1-OADP
    3. To use a CA certificate with this command, you can add a certificate to the Velero deployment by running the following commands:

      $ CA_CERT=$(oc -n openshift-adp get dataprotectionapplications.oadp.openshift.io <dpa-name> -o jsonpath='{.spec.backupLocations[0].velero.objectStorage.caCert}')
      
      $ [[ -n $CA_CERT ]] && echo "$CA_CERT" | base64 -d | oc exec -n openshift-adp -i deploy/velero -c velero -- bash -c "cat > /tmp/your-cacert.txt" || echo "DPA BSL has no caCert"
      $ velero describe backup <backup_name> --details --cacert /tmp/<your_cacert>.txt
    4. To fetch the backup logs, run the following command:

      $ velero backup logs  <backup_name>  --cacert /tmp/<your_cacert.txt>

      You can use these logs to view failures and warnings for the resources that you cannot back up.

    5. If the Velero pod restarts, the /tmp/your-cacert.txt file disappears, and you must re-create the /tmp/your-cacert.txt file by re-running the commands from the previous step.

    6. You can check if the /tmp/your-cacert.txt file still exists, in the file location where you stored it, by running the following command:

      $ oc exec -n openshift-adp -i deploy/velero -c velero -- bash -c "ls /tmp/your-cacert.txt"
      /tmp/your-cacert.txt

In a future release of OpenShift API for Data Protection (OADP), we plan to mount the certificate to the Velero pod so that this step is not required.

Installing the Data Protection Application 1.2 and earlier

You install the Data Protection Application (DPA) by creating an instance of the DataProtectionApplication API.

Prerequisites
  • You must install the OADP Operator.

  • You must configure object storage as a backup location.

  • If you use snapshots to back up PVs, your cloud provider must support either a native snapshot API or Container Storage Interface (CSI) snapshots.

  • If the backup and snapshot locations use the same credentials, you must create a Secret with the default name, cloud-credentials.

  • If the backup and snapshot locations use different credentials, you must create two Secrets:

    • Secret with a custom name for the backup location. You add this Secret to the DataProtectionApplication CR.

    • Secret with another custom name for the snapshot location. You add this Secret to the DataProtectionApplication CR.

      If you do not want to specify backup or snapshot locations during the installation, you can create a default Secret with an empty credentials-velero file. If there is no default Secret, the installation will fail.

      Velero creates a secret named velero-repo-credentials in the OADP namespace, which contains a default backup repository password. You can update the secret with your own password encoded as base64 before you run your first backup targeted to the backup repository. The value of the key to update is Data[repository-password].

      After you create your DPA, the first time that you run a backup targeted to the backup repository, Velero creates a backup repository whose secret is velero-repo-credentials, which contains either the default password or the one you replaced it with. If you update the secret password after the first backup, the new password will not match the password in velero-repo-credentials, and therefore, Velero will not be able to connect with the older backups.

Procedure
  1. Click OperatorsInstalled Operators and select the OADP Operator.

  2. Under Provided APIs, click Create instance in the DataProtectionApplication box.

  3. Click YAML View and update the parameters of the DataProtectionApplication manifest:

    apiVersion: oadp.openshift.io/v1alpha1
    kind: DataProtectionApplication
    metadata:
      name: <dpa_sample>
      namespace: openshift-adp
    spec:
      configuration:
        velero:
          defaultPlugins:
            - kubevirt (1)
            - gcp (2)
            - csi (3)
            - openshift (4)
          resourceTimeout: 10m (5)
        restic:
          enable: true (6)
          podConfig:
            nodeSelector: <node_selector> (7)
      backupLocations:
        - velero:
            provider: gcp (8)
            default: true
            credential:
              key: cloud
              name: <default_secret> (9)
            objectStorage:
              bucket: <bucket_name> (10)
              prefix: <prefix> (11)
    1 Optional: The kubevirt plugin is used with OKD Virtualization.
    2 Specify the default plugin for the backup provider, for example, gcp, if appropriate.
    3 Specify the csi default plugin if you use CSI snapshots to back up PVs. The csi plugin uses the Velero CSI beta snapshot APIs. You do not need to configure a snapshot location.
    4 The openshift plugin is mandatory.
    5 Specify how many minutes to wait for several Velero resources before timeout occurs, such as Velero CRD availability, volumeSnapshot deletion, and backup repository availability. The default is 10m.
    6 Set this value to false if you want to disable the Restic installation. Restic deploys a daemon set, which means that Restic pods run on each working node. In OADP version 1.2 and later, you can configure Restic for backups by adding spec.defaultVolumesToFsBackup: true to the Backup CR. In OADP version 1.1, add spec.defaultVolumesToRestic: true to the Backup CR.
    7 Specify on which nodes Restic is available. By default, Restic runs on all nodes.
    8 Specify the backup provider.
    9 Specify the correct default name for the Secret, for example, cloud-credentials-gcp, if you use a default plugin for the backup provider. If specifying a custom name, then the custom name is used for the backup location. If you do not specify a Secret name, the default name is used.
    10 Specify a bucket as the backup storage location. If the bucket is not a dedicated bucket for Velero backups, you must specify a prefix.
    11 Specify a prefix for Velero backups, for example, velero, if the bucket is used for multiple purposes.
  4. Click Create.

Verification
  1. Verify the installation by viewing the OpenShift API for Data Protection (OADP) resources by running the following command:

    $ oc get all -n openshift-adp
    Example output
    NAME                                                     READY   STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE
    pod/oadp-operator-controller-manager-67d9494d47-6l8z8    2/2     Running   0          2m8s
    pod/restic-9cq4q                                         1/1     Running   0          94s
    pod/restic-m4lts                                         1/1     Running   0          94s
    pod/restic-pv4kr                                         1/1     Running   0          95s
    pod/velero-588db7f655-n842v                              1/1     Running   0          95s
    
    NAME                                                       TYPE        CLUSTER-IP       EXTERNAL-IP   PORT(S)    AGE
    service/oadp-operator-controller-manager-metrics-service   ClusterIP   172.30.70.140    <none>        8443/TCP   2m8s
    
    NAME                    DESIRED   CURRENT   READY   UP-TO-DATE   AVAILABLE   NODE SELECTOR   AGE
    daemonset.apps/restic   3         3         3       3            3           <none>          96s
    
    NAME                                                READY   UP-TO-DATE   AVAILABLE   AGE
    deployment.apps/oadp-operator-controller-manager    1/1     1            1           2m9s
    deployment.apps/velero                              1/1     1            1           96s
    
    NAME                                                           DESIRED   CURRENT   READY   AGE
    replicaset.apps/oadp-operator-controller-manager-67d9494d47    1         1         1       2m9s
    replicaset.apps/velero-588db7f655                              1         1         1       96s
  2. Verify that the DataProtectionApplication (DPA) is reconciled by running the following command:

    $ oc get dpa dpa-sample -n openshift-adp -o jsonpath='{.status}'
    Example output
    {"conditions":[{"lastTransitionTime":"2023-10-27T01:23:57Z","message":"Reconcile complete","reason":"Complete","status":"True","type":"Reconciled"}]}
  3. Verify the type is set to Reconciled.

  4. Verify the backup storage location and confirm that the PHASE is Available by running the following command:

    $ oc get backupStorageLocation -n openshift-adp
    Example output
    NAME           PHASE       LAST VALIDATED   AGE     DEFAULT
    dpa-sample-1   Available   1s               3d16h   true
  5. Verify that the PHASE is in Available.

Installing the Data Protection Application 1.3

You install the Data Protection Application (DPA) by creating an instance of the DataProtectionApplication API.

Prerequisites
  • You must install the OADP Operator.

  • You must configure object storage as a backup location.

  • If you use snapshots to back up PVs, your cloud provider must support either a native snapshot API or Container Storage Interface (CSI) snapshots.

  • If the backup and snapshot locations use the same credentials, you must create a Secret with the default name, cloud-credentials.

  • If the backup and snapshot locations use different credentials, you must create two Secrets:

    • Secret with a custom name for the backup location. You add this Secret to the DataProtectionApplication CR.

    • Secret with another custom name for the snapshot location. You add this Secret to the DataProtectionApplication CR.

    If you do not want to specify backup or snapshot locations during the installation, you can create a default Secret with an empty credentials-velero file. If there is no default Secret, the installation will fail.

Procedure
  1. Click OperatorsInstalled Operators and select the OADP Operator.

  2. Under Provided APIs, click Create instance in the DataProtectionApplication box.

  3. Click YAML View and update the parameters of the DataProtectionApplication manifest:

    apiVersion: oadp.openshift.io/v1alpha1
    kind: DataProtectionApplication
    metadata:
      name: <dpa_sample>
      namespace: openshift-adp (1)
    spec:
      configuration:
        velero:
          defaultPlugins:
            - kubevirt (2)
            - gcp (3)
            - csi (4)
            - openshift (5)
          resourceTimeout: 10m (6)
        nodeAgent: (7)
          enable: true (8)
          uploaderType: kopia (9)
          podConfig:
            nodeSelector: <node_selector> (10)
      backupLocations:
        - velero:
            provider: gcp (11)
            default: true
            credential:
              key: cloud
              name: <default_secret> (12)
            objectStorage:
              bucket: <bucket_name> (13)
              prefix: <prefix> (14)
    1 The default namespace for OADP is openshift-adp. The namespace is a variable and is configurable.
    2 Optional: The kubevirt plugin is used with OKD Virtualization.
    3 Specify the default plugin for the backup provider, for example, gcp, if appropriate.
    4 Specify the csi default plugin if you use CSI snapshots to back up PVs. The csi plugin uses the Velero CSI beta snapshot APIs. You do not need to configure a snapshot location.
    5 The openshift plugin is mandatory.
    6 Specify how many minutes to wait for several Velero resources before timeout occurs, such as Velero CRD availability, volumeSnapshot deletion, and backup repository availability. The default is 10m.
    7 The administrative agent that routes the administrative requests to servers.
    8 Set this value to true if you want to enable nodeAgent and perform File System Backup.
    9 Enter kopia or restic as your uploader. You cannot change the selection after the installation. For the Built-in DataMover you must use Kopia. The nodeAgent deploys a daemon set, which means that the nodeAgent pods run on each working node. You can configure File System Backup by adding spec.defaultVolumesToFsBackup: true to the Backup CR.
    10 Specify the nodes on which Kopia or Restic are available. By default, Kopia or Restic run on all nodes.
    11 Specify the backup provider.
    12 Specify the correct default name for the Secret, for example, cloud-credentials-gcp, if you use a default plugin for the backup provider. If specifying a custom name, then the custom name is used for the backup location. If you do not specify a Secret name, the default name is used.
    13 Specify a bucket as the backup storage location. If the bucket is not a dedicated bucket for Velero backups, you must specify a prefix.
    14 Specify a prefix for Velero backups, for example, velero, if the bucket is used for multiple purposes.
  4. Click Create.

Verification
  1. Verify the installation by viewing the OpenShift API for Data Protection (OADP) resources by running the following command:

    $ oc get all -n openshift-adp
    Example output
    NAME                                                     READY   STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE
    pod/oadp-operator-controller-manager-67d9494d47-6l8z8    2/2     Running   0          2m8s
    pod/node-agent-9cq4q                                     1/1     Running   0          94s
    pod/node-agent-m4lts                                     1/1     Running   0          94s
    pod/node-agent-pv4kr                                     1/1     Running   0          95s
    pod/velero-588db7f655-n842v                              1/1     Running   0          95s
    
    NAME                                                       TYPE        CLUSTER-IP       EXTERNAL-IP   PORT(S)    AGE
    service/oadp-operator-controller-manager-metrics-service   ClusterIP   172.30.70.140    <none>        8443/TCP   2m8s
    service/openshift-adp-velero-metrics-svc                   ClusterIP   172.30.10.0      <none>        8085/TCP   8h
    
    NAME                        DESIRED   CURRENT   READY   UP-TO-DATE   AVAILABLE   NODE SELECTOR   AGE
    daemonset.apps/node-agent    3         3         3       3            3           <none>          96s
    
    NAME                                                READY   UP-TO-DATE   AVAILABLE   AGE
    deployment.apps/oadp-operator-controller-manager    1/1     1            1           2m9s
    deployment.apps/velero                              1/1     1            1           96s
    
    NAME                                                           DESIRED   CURRENT   READY   AGE
    replicaset.apps/oadp-operator-controller-manager-67d9494d47    1         1         1       2m9s
    replicaset.apps/velero-588db7f655                              1         1         1       96s
  2. Verify that the DataProtectionApplication (DPA) is reconciled by running the following command:

    $ oc get dpa dpa-sample -n openshift-adp -o jsonpath='{.status}'
    Example output
    {"conditions":[{"lastTransitionTime":"2023-10-27T01:23:57Z","message":"Reconcile complete","reason":"Complete","status":"True","type":"Reconciled"}]}
  3. Verify the type is set to Reconciled.

  4. Verify the backup storage location and confirm that the PHASE is Available by running the following command:

    $ oc get backupStorageLocation -n openshift-adp
    Example output
    NAME           PHASE       LAST VALIDATED   AGE     DEFAULT
    dpa-sample-1   Available   1s               3d16h   true
  5. Verify that the PHASE is in Available.

Creating an Object Bucket Claim for disaster recovery on OpenShift Data Foundation

If you use cluster storage for your Multicloud Object Gateway (MCG) bucket backupStorageLocation on OpenShift Data Foundation, create an Object Bucket Claim (OBC) using the OpenShift Web Console.

Failure to configure an Object Bucket Claim (OBC) might lead to backups not being available.

Unless specified otherwise, "NooBaa" refers to the open source project that provides lightweight object storage, while "Multicloud Object Gateway (MCG)" refers to the Red Hat distribution of NooBaa.

Procedure

Enabling CSI in the DataProtectionApplication CR

You enable the Container Storage Interface (CSI) in the DataProtectionApplication custom resource (CR) in order to back up persistent volumes with CSI snapshots.

Prerequisites
  • The cloud provider must support CSI snapshots.

Procedure
  • Edit the DataProtectionApplication CR, as in the following example:

    apiVersion: oadp.openshift.io/v1alpha1
    kind: DataProtectionApplication
    ...
    spec:
      configuration:
        velero:
          defaultPlugins:
          - openshift
          - csi (1)
    1 Add the csi default plugin.