×

Backing up persistent volumes with CSI snapshots

You can use the OADP Data Mover to back up Container Storage Interface (CSI) volume snapshots to a remote object store.

Prerequisites
  • You have access to the cluster with the cluster-admin role.

  • You have installed the OADP Operator.

  • You have included the CSI plugin and enabled the node agent in the DataProtectionApplication custom resource (CR).

  • You have an application with persistent volumes running in a separate namespace.

  • You have added the metadata.labels.velero.io/csi-volumesnapshot-class: "true" key-value pair to the VolumeSnapshotClass CR.

Procedure
  1. Create a YAML file for the Backup object, as in the following example:

    Example Backup CR
    kind: Backup
    apiVersion: velero.io/v1
    metadata:
      name: backup
      namespace: openshift-adp
    spec:
      csiSnapshotTimeout: 10m0s
      defaultVolumesToFsBackup: false
      includedNamespaces:
      - mysql-persistent
      itemOperationTimeout: 4h0m0s
      snapshotMoveData: true (1)
      storageLocation: default
      ttl: 720h0m0s
      volumeSnapshotLocations:
      - dpa-sample-1
    # ...
    1 Set to true to enable movement of CSI snapshots to remote object storage.
  2. Apply the manifest:

    $ oc create -f backup.yaml

    A DataUpload CR is created after the snapshot creation is complete.

Verification
  • Verify that the snapshot data is successfully transferred to the remote object store by monitoring the status.phase field of the DataUpload CR. Possible values are In Progress, Completed, Failed, or Canceled. The object store is configured in the backupLocations stanza of the DataProtectionApplication CR.

    • Run the following command to get a list of all DataUpload objects:

      $ oc get datauploads -A
      Example output
      NAMESPACE       NAME                  STATUS      STARTED   BYTES DONE   TOTAL BYTES   STORAGE LOCATION   AGE     NODE
      openshift-adp   backup-test-1-sw76b   Completed   9m47s     108104082    108104082     dpa-sample-1       9m47s   ip-10-0-150-57.us-west-2.compute.internal
      openshift-adp   mongo-block-7dtpf     Completed   14m       1073741824   1073741824    dpa-sample-1       14m     ip-10-0-150-57.us-west-2.compute.internal
    • Check the value of the status.phase field of the specific DataUpload object by running the following command:

      $ oc get datauploads <dataupload_name> -o yaml
      Example output
      apiVersion: velero.io/v2alpha1
      kind: DataUpload
      metadata:
        name: backup-test-1-sw76b
        namespace: openshift-adp
      spec:
        backupStorageLocation: dpa-sample-1
        csiSnapshot:
          snapshotClass: ""
          storageClass: gp3-csi
          volumeSnapshot: velero-mysql-fq8sl
        operationTimeout: 10m0s
        snapshotType: CSI
        sourceNamespace: mysql-persistent
        sourcePVC: mysql
      status:
        completionTimestamp: "2023-11-02T16:57:02Z"
        node: ip-10-0-150-57.us-west-2.compute.internal
        path: /host_pods/15116bac-cc01-4d9b-8ee7-609c3bef6bde/volumes/kubernetes.io~csi/pvc-eead8167-556b-461a-b3ec-441749e291c4/mount
        phase: Completed (1)
        progress:
          bytesDone: 108104082
          totalBytes: 108104082
        snapshotID: 8da1c5febf25225f4577ada2aeb9f899
        startTimestamp: "2023-11-02T16:56:22Z"
      1 Indicates that snapshot data is successfully transferred to the remote object store.

Restoring CSI volume snapshots

You can restore a volume snapshot by creating a Restore CR.

You cannot restore Volsync backups from OADP 1.2 with the OAPD 1.3 built-in Data Mover. It is recommended to do a file system backup of all of your workloads with Restic prior to upgrading to OADP 1.3.

Prerequisites
  • You have access to the cluster with the cluster-admin role.

  • You have an OADP Backup CR from which to restore the data.

Procedure
  1. Create a YAML file for the Restore CR, as in the following example:

    Example Restore CR
    apiVersion: velero.io/v1
    kind: Restore
    metadata:
      name: restore
      namespace: openshift-adp
    spec:
      backupName: <backup>
    # ...
  2. Apply the manifest:

    $ oc create -f restore.yaml

    A DataDownload CR is created when the restore starts.

Verification
  • You can monitor the status of the restore process by checking the status.phase field of the DataDownload CR. Possible values are In Progress, Completed, Failed, or Canceled.

    • To get a list of all DataDownload objects, run the following command:

      $ oc get datadownloads -A
      Example output
      NAMESPACE       NAME                   STATUS      STARTED   BYTES DONE   TOTAL BYTES   STORAGE LOCATION   AGE     NODE
      openshift-adp   restore-test-1-sk7lg   Completed   7m11s     108104082    108104082     dpa-sample-1       7m11s   ip-10-0-150-57.us-west-2.compute.internal
    • Enter the following command to check the value of the status.phase field of the specific DataDownload object:

      $ oc get datadownloads <datadownload_name> -o yaml
      Example output
      apiVersion: velero.io/v2alpha1
      kind: DataDownload
      metadata:
        name: restore-test-1-sk7lg
        namespace: openshift-adp
      spec:
        backupStorageLocation: dpa-sample-1
        operationTimeout: 10m0s
        snapshotID: 8da1c5febf25225f4577ada2aeb9f899
        sourceNamespace: mysql-persistent
        targetVolume:
          namespace: mysql-persistent
          pv: ""
          pvc: mysql
      status:
        completionTimestamp: "2023-11-02T17:01:24Z"
        node: ip-10-0-150-57.us-west-2.compute.internal
        phase: Completed (1)
        progress:
          bytesDone: 108104082
          totalBytes: 108104082
        startTimestamp: "2023-11-02T17:00:52Z"
      1 Indicates that the CSI snapshot data is successfully restored.

Deletion policy for OADP 1.3

The deletion policy determines rules for removing data from a system, specifying when and how deletion occurs based on factors such as retention periods, data sensitivity, and compliance requirements. It manages data removal effectively while meeting regulations and preserving valuable information.

Deletion policy guidelines for OADP 1.3

Review the following deletion policy guidelines for the OADP 1.3:

  • In OADP 1.3.x, when using any type of backup and restore methods, you can set the deletionPolicy field to Retain or Delete in the VolumeSnapshotClass custom resource (CR).